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پاورپوینت در مورد Acute kidney injury

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پاورپوینت در مورد Acute kidney injury

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Acute kidney injury

Oliguria

The otherwise healthy neonate is oliguric for the first 2–3 days of life until the onset of the postnatal diuresis.

Ninety-two percent of neonates will pass urine within the first 24 h of life , and almost all newborns will do so in the first 48 h .

Beyond the immediate neonatal period , oliguria is defined as urine output of

less than 500 ml/24 h/1.73 m2 , which is sufficient to maintain homeostasis.

The most common cause of oliguria in children is intravascular volume depletion .

Definition

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common clinical problem defined by:

an abrupt(

Usually AKI is reversible although few cases may progress to chronic kidney disease.

Children with AKI from hypoxic/ischemic insults and acute glomerulonephritis are more likely to have oliguria or anuria.

children with aminoglycoside drug toxicity, contrast-induced nephropathy, or acute interstitial nephritis are more likely to have normal or increased urine output.

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