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پاورپوینت در مورد SOME ISSUES OF CONTENTIOn
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SOME ISSUES OF CONTENTIOn
CA is not only problematic, but also full of controversy .
CA is sound practice in search of a sound theory.
In this chapter the main sources of the insecurity of CA are identified as:
1.1. Criteria for Comparison
1.2. The Psychological Reality of CAs
1.3. The Predictive Power of CAs
1.4. Contrastive Analysis versus Error Analysis
1.5. Scale of Difficulty
Criteria for Comparison
There are two facets of this issue:
F irst , the question of whether different languages are comparable at all, a major dilemma for the Structuralists ,
since it was they who promoted CA, while at the same time
structuralist orthodoxy insisted on the uniqueness of each language .
S econd , if they are comparable in principle, by what
c riterion are they best compared.
This insistence that each language has its own unique
genius reflects Saussure ’s famous dictum that a language is a system made up and defined by the sum of its constituent terms.
According to this view the fact that English and German have phonemes which are conveniently represented by the same symbols should not be taken to imply that the sounds are in any sense the same .
The fact that we use the labels ‘tense’ or ‘articles’ to refer
to a certain grammatical category in two different languages should not be taken to mean that we are talking about the same thing .